gospel of Mark

The Gospel of

MARK

Chapter 1

John the Baptizer Prepares the Way

1The beginning of the good news about Jesus Christ, the Son of God.

2As it is written in the prophets:

“Behold, I am sending my messenger before your face,

who will prepare your way,”

3″a voice of one calling

in the wilderness,

‘Prepare the way for the Lord,

make the paths straight for him,'”

4so John the Baptizer appeared in the wilderness, proclaiming a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins. 5And the whole region of Judea was going out to him, even all the Jerusalemites, and were getting baptized by him in the Jordan River, confessing their sins. 6And John was dressed in camel’s hair, with a leather belt around his waist, and eating locusts and wild honey.

7And he would preach, saying, “After me is coming someone more powerful than I, the thongs of whose sandals I am not worthy to stoop down and untie. 8I have baptized you in water, but he will baptize you in the Holy Spirit.”

The Baptism and Temptation of Jesus

9And it came about in those days that Jesus came from Nazareth in Galilee and was baptized by John in the Jordan. 10And going up out of the water he immediately saw the heavens opening, and the Spirit as a dove coming down to him. 11And a voice from heaven said, “You are my beloved Son; in you I have taken good pleasure.”

12And immediately the Spirit thrusts him forth into the wilderness. 13And he was in the wilderness forty days being tempted by Satan, and was with the wild beasts. And the angels were attending him.

The Calling of Simon, Andrew, James, and John

14And after John was put in prison, Jesus went into Galilee, proclaiming the good news of God, 15and saying, “The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God has come near. Repent and believe the good news.”

16And passing along beside the Sea of Galilee, he saw Simon, and Andrew, Simon’s brother, casting a net in the sea, for they were fishers. 17And Jesus said to them, “Come, you two. Follow me, and I will make you fishers of people.” 18And they followed him right away, leaving the nets.

19And when he had gone a little farther, he saw James the son of Zebedee, and his brother John. They also were on board a boat, mending the nets. 20At once he called them, and they went off after him, leaving their father Zebedee in the boat with the hired hands.

Jesus’ Teaching Has Authority

21And they enter into Capernaum, and having gone straight into the synagogue on the Sabbath, he began to teach. 22And they were amazed at his teaching, because he was teaching them as one having authority, and not like the Torah scholars.

23And right then there was a man in their synagogue who was in an unclean spirit. And he cried out, 24saying, “What business do you have with us, Jesus, you Nazarene? Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are— the Holy One of God!”

25And Jesus rebuked him, saying, “Be quiet and come out of him!” 26And the unclean spirit shook him violently back and forth and came out of him, shouting very loudly.

27And all were astonished, such that they were discussing it, saying, “What is this? A new teaching, with authority. He even commands the unclean spirits, and they obey him.” 28And immediately the report went out about him everywhere, in the whole region of Galilee.

Jesus Heals All in Capernaum

29And as soon as they came out of the synagogue, they went into the house of Simon and Andrew, accompanied by James and John. 30And Simon’s mother-in-law was bedridden, burning a high fever, and right away they are telling him about her. 31And after approaching her and grasping her by the hand, he lifted her, and the fever left her, and she began to wait on them.

32And when evening had come, when the sun had set, they were bringing to him all who had an illness, and those being tormented by demons. 33Indeed the entire town was gathered at the door. 34And he healed many who were ill with various diseases, and many demons he expelled; and he would not allow the demons to speak, because they knew him.

Jesus Keeps Moving

35And rising up very early, in the darkness, Jesus went outside and went off to a solitary place, and he was praying there. 36And Simon and those with him hunted him down, 37and found him, and they are saying to him, “Everyone is looking for you!”

38And he says to them, “Let us go somewhere else, to the nearby villages, so I may preach there also. For that is why I have come.”

39And he went preaching in their synagogues in all of Galilee, and driving out the demons.

A Leper Healed Spreads the Word

40And a leper comes to him, falling on his knees, and saying to him, “If you are willing, you can cleanse me.”

41And filled with compassion, he reached out his hand and touched him, and says to him, “I am willing. Be cleansed.” 42And immediately the leprosy went away from him and he was cleansed.

43And he immediately thrust him outside, sternly admonishing him, 44and saying to him, “See that you don’t tell a thing to anyone. Only go show yourself to the priest, and offer the things Moses commanded for your cleansing, as a testimony to them.”

45But when he left he proceeded to speak out freely, and to spread the word around, with the result that Jesus could no longer enter a town openly but stayed outside in deserted places. Yet people were still coming toward him from all directions.

Chapter 2

The Paralytic Lowered Through the Roof

1And some days later, he entered again into Capernaum, and it was heard that he was home. 2And many gathered, so many that there was no room left, not even at the door; and he was speaking the word to them.

3Then some arrive, bringing to him a paralytic, carried by four. 4And not being able to get to him because of the crowd, they removed the roof where he was, and when they had dug through, they lowered the pallet bed on which the paralytic is lying.

5And when Jesus saw their faith, he says to the paralytic, “Son, your sins are forgiven.”

6And some of the Torah scholars were sitting there, and debating in their hearts, 7″Why does this fellow talk like this? He is blaspheming! Who can forgive sins but God alone?”

8And Jesus, knowing immediately in his spirit that they were debating like this inside themselves, says to them, “Why are you debating these things in your hearts? 9Which is easier to say to the paralytic: ‘Your sins are forgiven,’ or to say, ‘Get up, take up your bed and walk’? 10But so that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins…” He said to the paralytic, 11″I say to you, get up, take up your bed, and go to your house.” 12And he stood up, and immediately took up his bed and went out in front of them all, with the result that they were all astonished, and glorified God, saying, “We have never seen anything like this!”

A Tax Collector Joins Jesus

13And he went out, along beside the lake again. And the entire crowd came with him, and he was teaching them. 14And as he went along, he saw Levi son of Halphaeus sitting at the taxes post. And he says to him, “Follow me.” And rising up, he followed him.

15And it comes about that Jesus is reclining at Levi’s house, and many tax collectors and sinners were reclining with him and his disciples, for there were many who followed him. 16And when the Torah scholars of the Pharisees saw that he was eating with sinners and tax collectors, they said to his disciples, “He eats with tax collectors and sinners!”

17And hearing, Jesus says to them, “It is not the healthy who need a doctor, but the sick. I have not come to call the righteous, but sinners.”

Jesus Questioned About Fasting

18And the disciples of John and the Pharisees were fasting. And they come and say to him, “How is it that the disciples of John and the disciples of the Pharisees fast, but your disciples do not fast?”

19And Jesus said to them, “Are the members of the bridegroom’s party able to fast while the bridegroom is with them? So long as they have the bridegroom with them, they are not able to fast. 20But the days will come when the bridegroom is taken away from them, and then, in that day, fast they will.

21″No one sews a piece of unshrunk cloth onto an old garment. For then, what filled it up pulls away from it, the new from the old, and a worse tear occurs. 22And no one puts new wine into old wineskins. For then, the wine will burst the wineskins, and the wine is ruined, along with the wineskins. Rather, new wine is put into new wineskins.”

Man Over the Sabbath

23And it came about during a Sabbath that he was passing through the grainfields, and his disciples began to practice a custom, plucking the heads. 24And the Pharisees said to him, “Look! Why are your disciples doing what on the Sabbath is not permissible?”

25And he says to them, “Have you never read what David did, when he and those with him were in need and hungry? 26In the account about Abiathar the high priest, he entered the house of God and ate the bread of offering, which was not permissible to eat, except for the priests, and he gave also to those who were with him.”

27Then he said to them, “The Sabbath came about because of humankind, and not humankind because of the Sabbath. 28Therefore, the Son of Man also is lord of the Sabbath.”

Chapter 3

1And again he went into a synagogue. And a man was there who had a shriveled hand. 2And they were watching him carefully whether he would heal him on the Sabbath, so that they might accuse him.

3And he says to the man with the shriveled hand, “Stand up into view.”

4And he says to them, “Is it permissible on the Sabbath to do good or do evil, to save life or destroy it?” But they were not speaking.

5And after looking around at them with anger, deeply distressed at the hardness of their hearts, he says to the man, “Stretch out the hand.” So he stretched it out, and his hand was restored. 6And the Pharisees went out and immediately began to conspire against him with the Herodians, how they might kill him.

The Thronging Crowds Endanger Jesus

7And Jesus departed with his disciples to the lake, and a great multitude from Galilee followed. 8And from Judea and from Jerusalem, and from Idumea and beyond the Jordan, and the vicinity of Tyre and Sidon also, a great multitude, hearing what things he was doing, came to him. 9And he told his disciples that a boat should be kept handy for him, because of the crowd, in case they should crush him. 10For he had healed many, with the result that everyone who had a disease would charge upon him, in order to touch him. 11And whenever the unclean spirits saw him, they would fall down before him and cry out, saying, “You are the Son of God!” 12And he would strongly warn them not to make him known.

The Twelve Apostles

13And he goes up into the mountain, and calls to him those he wanted, and they came to him. 14And he appointed twelve, that they might be with him, and that he might send them out to preach, 15and to have authority to drive out the demons.

16And the twelve he appointed are: Simon, to whom he added the name Peter; 17and James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James, and to them he added a name: Boanerges, which means Sons of Thunder; 18and Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James son of Halphaeus, and Thaddaeus, and Simon the Canaanaean, 19and Judas of Kerioth, the very one who betrayed him.

Jesus Thought to be Out of His Mind

20And he goes into a house, and once again a crowd gathered, such that they were not even able to eat bread. 21And when they heard, his relatives set out to go and take custody of him; for they were saying, “He is out of his mind.” 22And the Torah scholars who had come down from Jerusalem said, “He has Baal-zibbul,” and, “By the prince of demons he drives out the demons.”

23And calling them to him, he spoke to them in parables: “How can Satan drive out Satan? 24And if a kingdom is divided against itself, that kingdom cannot stand; 25and if a house is divided against itself, that house will not be able to stand. 26And if Satan has stood up against himself and was divided, he cannot stand; he has met his end. 27But in fact, no one can enter the house of a strong man unless he first ties up the strong man, and then, he may plunder his house.

28″Truly I tell you, there will be children of humankind being forgiven of all sin, and of all blasphemy, no matter how they blaspheme, 29except that whoever blasphemes the Holy Spirit will have no forgiveness ever, but is guilty of an eternal sin.” 30(He said this because they were saying, “He has an unclean spirit.”)

Jesus’ Mother and Brothers

31And his mother and brothers arrive, and standing outside, they sent word to him, summoning him. 32And the crowd was sitting around him, and they say to him, “Behold, your mother and brothers and sisters are wanting you outside.”

33And answering them he says, “Who are my mother and brothers?” 34And looking around at the ones sitting around him in a circle, he says, “Behold my mother and my brothers. 35Whoever does the will of God, that one is my brother and sister and mother.”

Chapter 4

The Parable of the Sower

1And he began to teach beside the lake again, and a very large crowd collects around him, such that he boards a boat to sit on the lake, and all the crowd was on the land up to the water’s edge.

2And he taught them many things by parables, and in his teaching said to them: 3″Listen! Behold, the sower went out to sow. 4And it came about in the process of sowing that some seed fell beside the way, and the birds came and ate it up. 5And other seed fell on the rocky place, where it did not have much soil, and it sprang up immediately, because it had no depth of soil. 6And when the sun arose, it was scorched, and it dried up, because it had no taproot. 7And other seed fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up and choked it, and it yielded no fruit. 8And others fell into good soil, and came up, grew, and produced, thirtyfold, and sixtyfold, and a hundredfold.”

9And he said, “Whoever has ears to hear, hear.”

The Parable of the Sower Explained

10And when he was alone, those around him together with the Twelve were asking him about the parables.

11And he told them, “To you the mystery of the kingdom of God has been given, but to those outside, all things are in parables, 12so that:

‘Though seeing, they will look,

and not perceive,

and though hearing, they will listen,

and not understand;

lest they turn, and be forgiven.’ ”

13And he says to them, “You don’t understand this parable? How then will you understand any parable? 14The sower is sowing the word. 15And the ones beside the way where the word is sown, these are those who when they hear, immediately comes Satan and takes away the word that was sown in them. 16And likewise, the ones sown on the rocky places, these are those who when they hear the word, they immediately receive it with joy. 17Yet they do not have a root in themselves, but are short-lived. When difficulty or persecution come because of the word, they quickly fall away. 18And others sown among thorns, these are those hearing the word, 19and the worries of this age, the seductiveness of wealth, and the desires concerning other things, come in and choke the word, and it becomes unfruitful. 20And the ones sown on the good soil, these are those who hear the word and embrace it, and bear fruit, thirtyfold, and sixtyfold, and a hundredfold.”

You Determine How Much You Receive

21And he said to them, “Does the lamp exist to be put under a bucket or under a bed? Is it not meant to be put on a stand? 22For there is nothing hidden that is not meant to be made manifest, nor covered up but to come into view. 23If anyone has ears to hear, hear.”

24And he said to them, “Consider carefully what you hear. In what size container you measure, it will be measured to you, and increased for you. 25For whoever has, to him it will be given, and whoever has not, even what he has will be taken away from him.”

The Parable of the Automatic Earth

26And he said, “It is with God’s kingdom the same way a human might scatter seed on the ground, 27then may sleep and get up, night and day, and still the seed sprouts and lengthens; how, he does not know. 28Automatically the earth bears fruit, first the grass, then the head, then the full kernel in the head. 29And when the grain is ready, he immediately sends out the sickle, because the harvest has come.”

The Parable of the Mustard Seed

30And he said, “How may we compare the kingdom of God? Or in what parable shall we set it forth? 31It is like a mustard seed, which when sown in the soil is smaller than all the seeds in the soil, 32yet when it is sown, it grows, and becomes larger than all the vegetables, and makes branches big enough that the birds of the sky can dwell under its shadow.”

33And with many such parables he was speaking the word to them, as long as they were able to listen. 34To the crowds, he would not say anything without a parable; but in private with his disciples, he would explain everything.

Jesus Commands the Elements

35That same day, when evening had come, he says to them, “Let’s cross over to the other side.”

36And leaving the crowd behind, they take him along, just as he was, in the boat. Other boats also were with him.

37And a great storm of wind is coming up, and the waves crashed into the boat, such that the boat is now filling up.

38And he was in the stern, sleeping on the cushion. And they rouse him and say to him, “Teacher, doesn’t it matter to you that we are perishing?”

39And when he was awake, he rebuked the wind, and said to the sea, “Hush. Be still.” And the wind died down, and there came a total calm.

40And he said to them, “Why are you afraid? Have you still no faith?” 41And they were very much afraid, and saying to one another, “Who, then, is this, that even the wind and the sea obey him?”

Chapter 5

The Legion of Demons Near Gadara

1And they went to the other side of the lake into the territory of the Gadarenes. 2And as he gets out of the boat, there met him out of the tombs a man in an evil spirit, 3whose abode was in the tombs, and no longer was anyone able to bind him with a chain, 4because he had often been bound hand and foot, only to have the chains burst apart and the leg irons broken, and no one had the strength to subdue him. 5And through all, night and day, among the tombs and in the hills, he was crying out and cutting himself with stones.

6And seeing Jesus from afar, he ran and fell down before him, 7and shouting with a loud voice, he says: “What business between you and me, O Jesus, you son of the Most High God? In the name of God, I beg you, do not torture me.” 8For Jesus was saying to him, “Come out of the human, unclean spirit!”

9And Jesus questioned him: “What is your name?”

And he says to him, “Legion is my name, for we are many.” 10And he begged him earnestly not to send them out of the area.

11And on a hillside near there, a large herd of pigs was feeding, 12and they pled with him, saying, “Send us into the pigs, so that we may enter into them.”

13And he allowed them. And coming out, the unclean spirits went into the pigs, and the herd, about two thousand, rushed down the steep bank into the lake, and were drowned in the lake.

14And those feeding them fled, and reported to the town and to the farms, and people came to see what it is that took place. 15And they come near to Jesus, and they see the demon-possessed man dressed and in his right mind, he who had had the legion, and they were afraid. 16And the ones who had seen how it happened to the demon-possessed man rehearsed it to them, also about the pigs. 17And they began to beg him to go away from their territory.

18And as he was getting into the boat, the man who had been demon-possessed was begging him that he might always be with Jesus. 19And he did not allow him, but says to him, “Go home to your people and report to them what things the Lord has done for you, and what mercy he has shown you.” 20And he left and began to proclaim in the Ten Cities what things Jesus had done for him. And all were amazed.

A Dead Damsel and a Sick Woman

21And when Jesus crossed back over to the other side, a large crowd had assembled for him, and he was beside the lake. 22And one of the synagogue rulers comes, Jairus by name, and when he sees him he falls at his feet, 23and pleads with him earnestly, saying, “My little daughter is at the point of death. Oh, that you might come and lay your hands on her, so that she may be healed and live.” 24And he went with him.

And a large crowd was following with him, and compressing around him. 25And a woman was there with a flow of blood of twelve years, 26and had suffered many things under many doctors and spent everything she had, and not been helped, but rather had moved toward the worse. 27And she had heard the things about Jesus, and coming up behind in the crowd, she touched his garment, 28for she was saying, “If I can touch even his clothes, I will be healed.” 29And immediately the source of her blood dried up and she knew by her body that she was healed of the scourge.

30And Jesus, noticing immediately in himself that power was going out from him, turned around in the crowd and said, “Who touched my clothes?”

31And his disciples said to him, “You see the crowd pressing in together around you, and you say, ‘Who touched me?'” 32Yet he was still looking around to see the one who had done this.

33The woman then, knowing what had happened to her, came and fell down before him, fearing and trembling, and told him all the truth. 34And he said to her, “Daughter, your faith has healed you. Go with peace, and be free from your scourge.”

35While he was still speaking, they come from the synagogue ruler’s, saying, “Your daughter has died. Why inconvenience the teacher any farther?”

36But Jesus, having overheard the message being spoken, says to the synagogue ruler, “Don’t be afraid; only believe.”

37And he did not allow anyone to come along with him, except Peter, James, and John the brother of James. 38And they are coming into the house of the synagogue ruler, and he sees an uproar, and weeping and much loud wailing. 39And when he had come in he says to them, “Why are you making a commotion and weeping? The child is not dead but sleeping.” 40And they laughed him to scorn.

Then, having put them all out, he takes the father of the child, and the mother, and the ones who were with him, and he goes in where the child was. 41And taking hold of the child’s hand, he says to her, “Talitha, koum.” (which when translated is, “O little damsel, I say to you, stand up.”) 42And the damsel stood up immediately, and was walking (for she was twelve years of age). And they were stunned with amazement. 43And he was ordering them sternly that no one know this. And he said to give her something to eat.

Chapter 6

Jesus Rejected by his Home Town

1And he moved on from there, and comes into his home town, and his disciples are accompanying him. 2And when the Sabbath came, he proceeded to teach in the synagogue, and the many hearing were astonished, saying, “Where did this man get these things? Namely, what is this wisdom given to him? And these miracles happening by his hands? 3Isn’t this the carpenter, the son of Mary, and the brother of James, Joseph, Judas and Simon? Aren’t also his sisters here with us?” And they were offended by him.

4And Jesus said to them, “A prophet is not without honor, except in his home town and among his relatives, and in his house.”

5And he was never able to do any miracles there, except lay his hands on a few sick people; he did heal them. 6And he was amazed at their unbelief.

Jesus Sends Out the Twelve

And he went around the villages in a circuit teaching. 7And calling the Twelve to him, he began to send them out two by two, and he gave them authority over the unclean spirits, 8and gave orders to them: that they should take nothing for the trip except a staff only; no bread, no bag, nothing in the money belt, 9but only the sandals already tied on; also not to put on two tunics.

10And he further said to them, “Wherever you enter into a house, there stay up until when you leave that place. 11And whatever place does not receive you nor will they listen to you, leaving there, shake off the dust under your feet, as a testimony to them.”

12And going forth, they proclaimed that people should repent. 13And many demons they expelled, and many sick ones they anointed with oil and healed.

John the Baptizer Beheaded

14And Herod the king heard, for his name had become well known, that some were saying, “John the Baptizer has been raised from the dead; that is why miraculous powers are at work in him.”

15But others were saying, “He is Elijah.”

And still others were saying, “He is a prophet, as though one of The Prophets.”

16But when Herod heard this, he kept saying, “John, the man I beheaded, has been raised from the dead!”

17For Herod himself, sending orders, had seized John and bound him in prison, because of Herodias his brother Philip’s wife, whom he had married. 18For John had been saying to Herod, “It is not permissible for you to have your brother’s wife.” 19And Herodias had been maintaining a grudge against him, and was wanting to kill him, and could not, 20for Herod feared John, knowing him to be a righteous and holy man, and he protected him. And when he listened to him, he had much difficulty, yet heard him gladly.

21And a suitable day came, when Herod in his birthday celebration made a supper for his courtiers, and the chiliarchs, and the prominent of Galilee. 22And when the daughter of Herodias herself came in and danced, she pleased Herod and those reclining with him.

So the king said to the girl, “Ask me anything you want, and I will give it to you.” 23And he swore to her, “Whatever you ask for, I will give it to you, up to half my kingdom.”

24And going out, she said to her mother, “What shall I ask for?”

And she said, “The head of John the Baptizer.”

25And she went in at once to the king with speed, saying this request: “I wish that you would give to me right now the head of John the Baptizer on a platter.”

26And the king became greatly distressed. He did not want to refuse her, because of the words of oath and those reclining. 27And the king immediately gave orders to bring his head, sending an executioner. And he went, and beheaded John in the prison, 28and brought his head on a platter and gave it to the girl. And the girl gave it to her mother. 29And when his disciples heard, they came and took his corpse and laid it in a tomb.

Jesus Feeds the Five Thousand

30And the apostles are collecting around Jesus, and they reported to him all the things that they had done, and what they had taught. 31And he says to them, “Come by yourselves to a remote place and rest a little.” For those coming and going were many, and they did not even have opportunity to eat.

32And they went away in a boat by themselves to a remote place. 33And many saw them leaving and knew, and ran together there on foot from all the towns and arrived ahead of them.

34And getting out he saw the large crowd, and felt compassion for them, because they were like sheep not having a shepherd, and he began to teach them many things.

35And now as an advanced hour comes, his disciples approached him and said, “The place is remote, and it’s now an advanced hour. 36Dismiss them so that they may go into the surrounding farms and villages and buy for themselves something to eat.”

37But he in answer said to them, “You give them something to eat.”

And they say to him, “Are we to go and buy two hundred denarii of loaves of bread and give it to them to eat?”

38And he says to them, “How many loaves do you have? Go see.”

And finding out, they say, “Five, and two fish.”

39And he instructed them to get all to recline in dining fellowships on the green grass. 40And they reclined, in groups of a hundred and in groups of fifty. 41And taking the five loaves of bread and the two fish, and looking up to heaven, he blessed and broke the loaves of bread and gave to the disciples to set before the people. The two fish also he divided for all.

42And they all ate and were satisfied, 43and they picked up twelve large baskets full of fragments from the loaves of bread, and from the fish. 44And there were five thousand men eating the loaves.

45And he immediately told his disciples to get into the boat and go on ahead of him to the other side to Bethsaida, while he would dismiss the crowd. 46And after saying farewell to them, he went away into the hills to pray.

Jesus Walks on the Water

47And after evening had come, the boat was in the middle of the lake, and he was alone on the land. 48And about the fourth watch of the night, when he saw them being sorely taxed in the process of rowing, because the wind was against them, he goes toward them, walking on the lake, and was intending to pass them. 49But when they saw him walking on the lake, they thought it was a ghost, and cried out. 50For they all saw him, and were disturbed by it.

But he immediately talked with them, and he is saying to them: “Take courage! It is I. Don’t be afraid.”

51And he went up into the boat with them, and the wind stopped. And they were very much, extremely stunned within themselves. 52For they had not learned from the incident of the loaves of bread; their hearts were hardened.

53And crossing over, they came ashore at Gennesaret and anchored. 54And as soon as they got out of the boat, people recognized him and 55ran around that whole region, and those who had invalids began to carry them around on pallets to where they heard that he was. 56And wherever he would go, into villages, or into towns, or into countryside, they would place the invalids in the plazas, and the invalids would implore him that they could just touch the tassel of his cloak. And they were being healed, as many as touched him.

Chapter 7

Clean and Unclean

1And the Pharisees and some of the Torah scholars are coming from Jerusalem and gathering toward him, 2and they see that some of his disciples are eating bread with unclean— that is, unwashed— hands. 3For the Pharisees and all the Jews do not eat unless they wash their hands with the fist, holding to the tradition of the elders. 4And they do not eat from the marketplaces unless they wash. And there are many others which they have received instruction to keep, the baptizing of cups, pitchers, and kettles.

5And the Pharisees and Torah scholars are questioning him: “Why are your disciples not walking according to the tradition of the elders, but eating bread with unclean hands?”

6And he said to them, “Isaiah prophesied rightly about you hypocrites, as it is written:

” ‘This people honor me with the lips,

but their heart is far from me.

7They worship me in vain,

their instruction is the drilling of

the rules of human beings.’

8″Dropping the commandment of God, you are holding on to the tradition of human beings.”

9And he said to them, “You have a fine way of setting aside the commandment of God in order to set up your own traditions. 10For Moses said, ‘Honor your father and your mother,’ and, ‘The person cursing father or mother must be put to death.’ 11But you say that if someone says to father or mother, ‘Whatever financial help you would receive from me is now korban’ (that is, a gift vowed to God), 12you relieve him of doing anything more for father or mother, 13annulling the word of God by your tradition which you have handed down. And many similar such things you do.”

14And calling the crowd to him again, he said, “Listen to me everyone, and understand: 15There is nothing outside a human being which by entering him is able to make him unclean. Rather, the things coming out of a human being are the things making the human being unclean. 16If anyone has ears to hear, hear.”

17And when he had entered a house, away from the crowd, the disciples asked him the meaning of the parable.

18And he says to them, “Are you also this obtuse? Do you not understand that everything entering a human being from the outside is unable to make him unclean, 19since it is not entering his heart but his stomach, and then goes out into the sewer?” (He is declaring all foods clean.)

20He went on: “What comes out of a human being, that is what makes the human being unclean. 21For from within, out of the heart of human beings, come evil reasoning, fornication, theft, murder, 22adultery, covetousness, malice, deceit, lewdness, an evil eye, slander, haughtiness, and folly. 23All these evil things come forth from within and make the human being unclean.”

The Faith of the Gentile Dog

24And getting up, he departed from there into the vicinity of Tyre. And entering a house, he wanted no one to know, yet he could not escape notice. 25In fact immediately upon hearing about him, a woman whose daughter had an unclean spirit came, and fell at his feet. 26And the woman was a Gentile, a Syro-Phoenician by race. And she kept begging him that he drive the demon out of her daughter.

27And he was saying to her, “Allow the children first to eat their fill, for it is not right to take the children’s bread and toss it to the dogs.”

28But in answer she says to him, “Lord, even the dogs under the table eat of the children’s crumbs.”

29And he said to her, “Because of this reply, go your way; the demon has left your daughter.” 30And going away to her house, she found the child lying on the bed, and the demon gone.

Jesus Does All Things Well

31And going back out of the district of Tyre, he went through Sidon, down to the Sea of Galilee, into the midst of the region of the Ten Cities. 32And they bring a man to him, deaf and speaking with difficulty, and they are begging him to place his hand on him.

33And taking him aside privately, away from the crowd, he put his fingers into his ears. And after spitting on his fingers, he touched the man’s tongue. 34And looking up to heaven he sighed, and he says to him, “Eppatach!” (which means, “Be opened!”). 35And his ears were opened, and the bond of his tongue was immediately released, and he began to speak normally.

36And he was ordering them that they tell no one. But as much as he ordered them, all the more they were talking about it. 37And they were being overwhelmed with admiration, saying, “He has done everything well. He makes both the deaf to hear and the mute to speak.”

Chapter 8

Jesus Feeds the Four Thousand

1During those days when there was again a great crowd and also having nothing to eat, he calls the disciples to him and says to them, 2″I feel compassion for this crowd, because they have stayed with me three days now, and have nothing to eat. 3And if I dismiss them to their homes, without eating they will collapse in the journey, and some of them are from a long distance.”

4And his disciples answered him, “Where here in the desert will anyone be able to get enough loaves of bread to fill these people?”

5And he asked them, “How many loaves do you have?”

And they said, “Seven.”

6And he directs the crowd to recline on the ground. And taking the seven loaves of bread, giving thanks he broke them, and gave to his disciples, for them to serve. And they served the crowd. 7They also had a few fish, and blessing them, he ordered them to be served as well. 8And they ate and were filled, and they picked up the fragments left over, seven basketfuls. 9And they were about four thousand; and he dismissed them. 10And immediately boarding the boat with his disciples, he went to the area of Dalmanutha.

The Yeast of the Pharisees and Herod

11And the Pharisees came forward and began to debate with him, asking him for a sign from heaven, testing him.

12And sighing deeply in his spirit, he says, “Why does this generation ask for a sign? Truly I say to you, a sign will certainly not be given this generation!” 13And leaving them, he got back into the boat and went away to the other side.

14And they had forgotten to take bread; and except for one loaf, they had none with them in the boat. 15And he started warning them, saying, “Take heed, be on your guard against the yeast of the Pharisees, and the yeast of Herod.”

16And they were discussing with one another the fact that they had no bread loaves.

17And knowing, he says to them, “Why are you discussing with one another the fact that you have no bread loaves? Are you still not understanding, nor putting it together? Have you completely hardened hearts? 18You have eyes; can’t you see? And you have ears; can’t you hear? And don’t you remember? 19When I broke the five loaves of bread to the five thousand, how many basketfuls of fragments did you pick up?”

They say to him, “Twelve.”

20″When I broke the seven to the four thousand, how many basketfuls of fragments did you pick up?”

And they say, “Seven.”

21And he said to them, “Do you still not understand?”

The Healing of a Blind Man at Bethsaida

22And they come to Bethsaida. And they bring a blind man to him, and they are begging Jesus to touch him. 23And taking hold of the blind man’s hand, he led him outside the village. And after spitting in his eyes and placing his hands on him, he asked him, “Do you see anything?”

24And looking up he said, “I see people, that I am perceiving as trees walking around.”

25Then he put his hands on the man’s eyes again. And he looked for a while, and his sight was restored, and he saw everything clearly again. 26And he sent him home, saying, “Do not go into the village.”

Peter’s Confession of Messiah

27And Jesus and his disciples went on to the villages of Caesarea of Philip, and on the way, he was inquiring of his disciples, saying to them, “Who do the people say I am?”

28And they informed him, saying, “John the Baptizer; and others, Elijah; and still others, one of the Prophets.”

29And he asked them, “And you, who do you say I am?”

Peter in answer says to him, “You are the Messiah.”

30And Jesus warned them that they should tell no one about him.

Peter Opposes Jesus’ Death

31And he began to teach them that the Son of Man had to suffer many things and be rejected by the elders and the chief priests and the Torah scholars, and must be killed, and after three days, rise again. 32And he was stating the matter plainly. And Peter, taking him aside, started correcting him.

33But he, turning around and seeing his disciples, corrected Peter. And he says, “Get behind me, Satan! For you are not thinking the things of God, but the things of human beings.”

34And calling the crowd to him, together with his disciples, he said to them, “If someone wants to come after me, he must deny himself and take up his cross and follow me. 35For whoever tries to save his life will lose it, but whoever will lose his life for my sake, and of the good news, will save it. 36For what good will it do a human being to gain the whole world, only to be penalized his soul? 37And what could a human being tender in trade for his soul? 38For if anyone is ashamed of me and my words in this adulterous and sinful age, the Son of Man will also be ashamed of him, when he comes in the glory of his Father with the holy angels.”

Chapter 9

1Then he was saying to them, “Truly I say to you, there are some standing here who will certainly not taste death before they see the kingdom of God having come with power.”

The Transfiguration

2And after six days Jesus takes Peter and James and John, and he is leading them up into a high mountain, alone in private. And he was transfigured in front of them, 3and his clothes became an exceedingly brilliant white, such as no launderer on earth is able to whiten. 4And Elijah appeared to them, together with Moses, and they were conversing with Jesus.

5And Peter is responding and saying to Jesus, “Rabbi, it is good for us to be here, and we should make three shelters, one for you, and one for Moses, and one for Elijah.” 6(For he had not known what to say, because they were so frightened.)

7And there came a cloud overshadowing them, and a voice came from the cloud: “This is my beloved Son. Listen to him.”

8And suddenly, when they looked around, they saw no one else anymore, but only Jesus, along with themselves.

9And as they were coming down out of the mountain, he admonished them so that they would not report the things they had seen to anyone, except until such time the Son of Man should rise from the dead. 10And they kept the matter to themselves, discussing what the words “rise from the dead” meant.

11And they queried him, saying, “Why do the Torah scholars say that Elijah has to come first?”

12And he said to them, “Elijah indeed having come first will restore all things. And why is it written about the Son of Man, that he would ‘suffer much and be rejected?’ 13But I tell you that Elijah has indeed come, and they did to him whatever they wished, just as it is written about him.”

Disciples Accused of Impotence to Heal

14And as they were coming near the other disciples, they saw a large crowd around them, and the Torah scholars debating with them. 15And all the crowd were overcome with awe as soon as they saw him, and they were running up to him, greeting him.

16And he asked them, “What are you debating with them?”

17And one from the crowd answered him, “Teacher, I brought my son to you, who has a spirit of speechlessness. 18And wherever it seizes him, it convulses him. And he foams at the mouth, and gnashes his teeth and becomes rigid. I asked your disciples to drive it out, and they did not have the power.”

19And in answer to them, he says, “O unbelieving generation, how long shall I stay with you? How long shall I put up with you? Bring him to me.”

20And they brought him to him. And seeing Jesus, the spirit immediately convulsed him violently, and falling onto the ground, he was rolling over, foaming at the mouth.

21And he asked his father, “Over what period of time has this happened to him?”

And he said, “From childhood. 22And it has often thrown him into both fire or water, trying to kill him. But if you can do anything, take pity on us and help us.”

23Jesus said to him, “‘If I can’? All things are possible to one who believes.”

24Immediately the boy’s father cried out saying, “I do believe! Help my unbelief!”

25Then Jesus, seeing that a crowd is running together, rebuked the unclean spirit, saying to it, “You mute and deaf spirit, I command you, come out of him. And you may no longer go into him.”

26And it came out, with shrieking and much convulsing. And he appeared as dead, so as to cause many to say, “He’s dead.” 27But Jesus, taking him by the hand, lifted him, and he stood up.

28And after he went into a house, his disciples asked him in private: “Why weren’t we able to drive it out?”

29And he told them, “This kind cannot be made to go out by anything except prayer.”

30And moving on from there, they were passing through Galilee, and he did not want anyone to know, 31because he was teaching his disciples. And he told them, “The Son of Man is being transferred into the hands of human beings. And they will kill him. And three days after being killed, he will rise again.” 32But they did not understand the statement, and they were afraid to query him.

Who is the Greatest?

33And they came to Capernaum. And when he was in the house, he asked them, “What were you arguing about on the way?” 34But they were keeping quiet, because on the way they had argued over who was greater.

35And sitting down, he called the Twelve and says to them, “If anyone wants to be first, he must be last of all, and servant of all.”

36And taking a child he set him in the midst of them. And wrapping him in his arms, he said to them, 37″Whoever welcomes one child like this on the basis of my name, is welcoming me; and whoever welcomes me is welcoming not me but the one who sent me.”

Do Not Hinder Other Camps of God’s Little Ones

38John said to him, “Teacher, we saw someone who is not following with us driving out demons in your name, and we forbade him, because he was not following with us.”

39But Jesus said, “Do not forbid him, for there is no one who shall do a miracle on the basis of my name, who can then be quick to speak evil of me; 40for someone who is not against us is for us. 41For whoever gives you a cup of water because you are of Christ, truly I tell you: he will by no means lose his reward. 42And whoever causes one of these believing little ones to fall, it would be better for him to wear a millstone around his neck and be thrown into the depths of the sea.

43″And if your hand causes you to fall, cut it off. It is better for you to go into life maimed, than with both hands to go away into Gehenna, into the fire unquenchable,

[44where

” ‘their worm never dies,

and the fire is never quenched.’]

. 45And if your foot causes you to fall, cut it off. It is better for you to go into life crippled, than with both feet to be thrown into Gehenna,

[46where

” ‘their worm never dies,

and the fire is never quenched.’]

. 47And if your eye causes you to fall, yank it out. It is better for you to go into the kingdom of God one-eyed, than with two eyes to be thrown into Gehenna, 48where

” ‘their worm never dies,

and the fire is never quenched.’

49For everyone will be salted with fire.

50″Salt is good, but if the salt becomes bland, what will you spice it with? Have salt in yourselves, and cultivate peace among each other.”

Chapter 10

Jesus Tested on Divorce

1And getting up to leave from there, he goes into the territory of Judea and beyond the Jordan. And once again, crowds are going along with him, and as was his custom he again was teaching them. 2And some Pharisees came and, testing him, asked him, “Is it permissible for a husband to release a wife?”

3In answer he said to them, “What did Moses command you?”

4They said, “Moses permitted one to write a release of interest form and to release.”

5And Jesus said to them, “It was in view of the hardness of your hearts he wrote you this instruction. 6But from the beginning of creation he ‘made them male and female.’ 7For this reason, a human being shall leave his father and mother, 8and the two shall become one flesh. As a result, they are no longer two, but one flesh. 9What therefore God has joined together, a human being must not separate.”

10And when back in the house, the disciples were questioning him about this. 11And he says to them, “Whoever releases his wife and marries another commits adultery against her, 12and if she after releasing her husband marries another, she commits adultery.”

Little Children Come to Jesus

13And people were bringing little children to him to have him touch them, but the disciples scolded them.

14Seeing this, Jesus was indignant, and said to them, “Let the little children come to me. Do not hinder them, for the kingdom of God is made of such as these. 15Truly I tell you, whoever does not receive the kingdom of God like a little child will certainly not enter it.” 16And wrapping them in his arms, he is blessing them, placing his hands on them.

The Rich Young Man

17And as he was going forth onto the road, someone ran up to him and fell on his knees before him, asking him, “Good teacher, what should I do so that I will inherit eternal life?”

18And Jesus said to him, “Why are you calling me good? No one is good except one, God. 19The commandments you know: Do not murder, do not commit adultery, do not steal, do not give false testimony, do not defraud, honor your father and mother.'”

20And he said to him, “Teacher, all these I have kept since my youth.”

21And as Jesus is looking at him, he loved him and said to him, “One thing you are lacking. Go sell what things you own and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven. Then come follow me.”

22But he with face aghast because of this word, went away regretting, for he was owner of much property.

23And looking around, Jesus says to his disciples, “How hard it will be for the ones who have wealth to enter the kingdom of God.”

24The disciples were astonished at his words. But in response Jesus says to them again, “Children, how hard it is to enter the kingdom of God. 25It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich person to enter into the kingdom of God.”

26And they became even more astonished, saying to each other, “Who, then, can be saved?”

27Jesus looking at them says, “With human beings it is impossible, but not with God. For all things are possible with God.”

28Peter began to tell him, “Behold how we have left everything and followed you.”

29Jesus said, “Truly I tell you, there is no one who has left house or brothers or sisters or mothers or children or fields for my sake and for the cause of the good news, 30who will not receive a hundred times as much in this present time, of houses and brothers and sisters and mothers and children and fields, along with persecutions, and, in the coming age, eternal life. 31But many first ones will be last, and the last ones first.”

Jesus Again Predicts His Death

32And they were on the road, going up to Jerusalem, and Jesus was going on ahead of them; they were stunned, while those following were fearing. And taking the Twelve aside again, he began to tell them the things about to happen to him. 33″See, we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be betrayed to the chief priests and to the Torah scholars. And they will condemn him to death, and hand him over to the Gentiles. 34And they will mock him, and spit on him, and flog him, and execute him. And after three days he will rise again.”

The Ambition of James and John

35And James and John the sons of Zebedee come up to him, saying to him, “Teacher, we wish that you would do for us whatever we will ask you.”

36And he said to them, “What do you want me to do for you?”

37And they said to him, “Grant to us that in your glory, we may sit one on your right, and one on your left.”

38And Jesus said to them, “You don’t know what you are asking. Are you able, to drink the cup I am drinking, or to be baptized the baptism I am being baptized?”

39And they said to him, “We are able.”

And Jesus said to them, “The cup which I drink you will drink, and the baptism I am baptized you will be baptized. 40But to sit on my right or on my left is not for me to grant; they belong rather to those for whom they have already been prepared.”

41And when the ten heard, they began to be angry about James and John. 42And Jesus calling them together says to them, “You know that the ones considered to be rulers among the nations, lord it over them, and their great ones exercise authority over them. 43Not so among you. Instead, whoever wants to be great among you must be your servant, 44and whoever wants to be first among you shall be slave of all. 45For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life a ransom for many.”

An Obnoxious Beggar Gets His Wish

46And they come into Jericho. And as he was going away from Jericho, plus his disciples and a large crowd, Bartimaeus (the Son of Timaeus), a blind beggar, was sitting beside the road. 47And hearing that it is Jesus the Nazarene, he began to shout, and say, “Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!”

48And many were telling him to be quiet. But he kept shouting much more: “Son of David, have mercy on me!”

49Jesus stopped and said, “Call him.”

So they call the blind man, saying to him, “Take heart! Get up! He’s calling you!” 50So throwing his cloak aside, he jumped up and came to Jesus.

51In answer to him, Jesus said, “What do you want me to do for you?”

The blind man said to him, “Rabboni, that I could see.”

52And Jesus said to him, “Go. Your faith has healed you.” And immediately he saw, and was following him in the way.

Chapter 11

The Triumphal Entry

1And when they had come close to Jerusalem, to Bethphage and Bethany on the Mount of Olives, he sends two of his disciples, 2and tells them, “Go into the village ahead of you, and just as you enter it you will find a colt tied, upon which no one has ever yet sat. Untie it and bring it. 3And if anyone says to you, ‘Why are you doing that?’ say, ‘The Lord needs it and is sending it back here shortly.’ ”

4And they went, and found a colt tied at a doorway, outside in the street. And they are untying it. 5And some people standing there said to them, “What are you doing untying the colt?”

6And they said to them as Jesus said, and they allowed them. 7And they bring the colt to Jesus, and throw their cloaks on it, and he sat on it.

8And many people spread their cloaks on the road, and others, fronds cut from the fields. 9And those proceeding ahead of him, and those following after, were shouting:

“Hosha na!’

“Blessed is he who comes in the

name of the Lord!’

10″Blessed is the coming kingdom

of our father David!”

“Hosha na in the highest!”

11And he went into Jerusalem to the temple, and after looking around at everything, he went out to Bethany with the Twelve, since the hour was now late.

Jesus Clears the Temple

12And the next day as they were on their way from Bethany, he was hungry. 13And seeing from afar a fig tree that had leaves, he went, if perchance he would find something on it. And coming upon it he found nothing but leaves. (For it was not the season of figs.) 14And in response he said to it, “May no one ever eat fruit from you again.” And his disciples heard.

15And they come into Jerusalem. And when he had entered the temple, he proceeded to drive out the ones selling and the ones buying in the temple, and the tables of the moneychangers and the seats of the ones selling doves he overturned, 16and he did not allow anyone to carry stuff through the temple courts.

17And he started teaching, and said to them, “Is it not written:

” ‘My house will be called

a house of prayer for all nations’?

But you have made it ‘a den of robbers.'”

18And the chief priests and the Torah scholars heard, and they were looking for a way to kill him, for they feared him, because the entire crowd was being held enrapt during his teaching.

The Withered Fig Tree

19And when it got late, they would go outside the city.

20And early, as they were traveling along, they saw the fig tree, withered from the roots. 21And reminded, Peter says to him, “Rabbi, look! The fig tree you cursed has withered.”

22And in response Jesus says to them, “Have faith in God. 23Truly I tell you, whoever can say to this mountain, ‘Be lifted up and thrown into the sea,’ and it is not being questioned in his heart, but he is believing that what he is saying is happening, it will happen for him.

24″Therefore I tell you, all things, whatever you are asking for in prayer, believe that you have received it, and it will happen for you. 25Also, when you stand praying, forgive, if you are holding anything against anyone, so that your Father in heaven may also forgive you your trespasses.”

The Authorities Question Jesus’ Authority

27And they arrive again in Jerusalem, and as he was walking in the temple, the chief priests and the Torah scholars come up to him, along with the elders, 28and they were saying to him, “By what authority are you doing these things? Or, who gave you this authority, that you may do these things?”

29And Jesus said to them, “I will ask you one question. You answer me, and I will tell you by what authority I am doing these things. 30John’s baptism— was it from heaven, or from human beings? Answer me.”

31And they were discussing it among themselves, as follows: “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ he will say, ‘Then why didn’t you believe him?’ 32On the other hand, dare we say, ‘From human beings’?” (They were fearing the people, for the people all held that John really was a prophet.)

33And in answer they say to Jesus, “We do not know.”

And Jesus says to them, “Neither am I telling you by what authority I do these things.”

Chapter 12

The Parable of the Tenants

1And he began to speak to them in parables. “A man planted a vineyard, and put a hedge around it, and dug a winepress, and built a watchtower, and leased it out to tenant-farmers, and journeyed away. 2And in the time of harvest he sent a servant to the tenants, that he might be paid by the tenants out of the fruit of the vineyard. 3And seizing him they beat him, and sent him away empty-handed. 4And again he sent a servant to them, a different one. That one they wounded in the head and insulted. 5Yet another he sent, and that one they killed. And he sent many others; some they beat, some they killed.

6One alone he still had, a beloved son. Finally, him he sent to them, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’

7″But those tenants said among themselves, ‘This is the heir. Come, let us kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.’ 8And taking him, they killed him, and cast him outside the vineyard.

9″What will the owner of the vineyard do? He will come and kill the tenants, and he will give the vineyard to others.

10″Have you not read this scripture:

‘ A stone which the builders rejected,

this one has become the chief cornerstone;

11from the Lord this came about,

and it is marvelous

in our eyes’?”

12And they were looking for a way to arrest him, for they knew he had told the parable in reference to them. Yet they were afraid of the crowd. And they went away, leaving him alone.

Paying the Tribute Tax to Caesar

13And they send some of the Pharisees and Herodians, in order to trap him in a saying. 14And coming, they say to him, “Teacher, we know that you are honest, and it matters not to you about anyone, in that you pay no attention to the personage of people, but rather on the basis of truth you teach the way of God. Is it permissible to pay the tribute to Caesar, or not? Should we pay, or should we not pay?”

15But he, perceiving their hypocrisy, said to them, “Why are you testing me? Bring me a denarius, so that I may look at it.” 16And they brought one. And he says to them, “Whose image is this, and inscription?”

They say to him, “Caesar’s.”

17And Jesus said to them, “Caesar’s things give back to Caesar, and God’s things to God.”

And they were amazed at him.

Marriage and the Resurrection

18Then some Sadducees come up to him (Sadducees say there is no resurrection), and they questioned him as follows: 19″Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a man’s brother dies and leaves behind a wife and does not leave behind a child, that the brother of the deceased should take the woman and raise up descendants for his brother.

20″There were seven brothers. And the first one took a wife, and dying, he left no descendant. 21And the second one took her, and he died, leaving no descendant. It was the same with the third. 22Indeed, the seven left no descendant. Last of all, the woman also died.

23″In the resurrection, when they rise again, of which of them will she be wife? For all seven had her as wife.”

24Jesus said to them, “Is this not the reason you are mistaken, that you know neither the scriptures nor the power of God? 25For when they rise from the dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like the angels in heaven. 26Now about the dead, that they do rise, have you not read in the scroll of Moses, at the part about the bush, how God spoke to him, saying, ‘I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’? 27He is not the God of the dead, but of the living. You are badly mistaken!”

The Weightiest Commandment

28And one of the Torah scholars who had approached, after listening to them debating, recognized that Jesus had answered them well. He asked Jesus, “Teacher, out of all of them, which commandment is primary?”

29Jesus answered, “Primary is this: ‘Hear, O Israel, Yahweh is our God, Yahweh alone.” 30And you shall love Yahweh your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind, and with all your strength.’ 31Secondmost is this: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ There is no other commandment greater than these.”

32And the Torah scholar said to him, “Well done, Teacher. It is on true basis you have said, that there is one, and there is no other but him; 33and to love him with all your heart, with all your intelligence, and with all your strength, and to love your neighbor as yourself, is more important than all the burnt offerings and sacrifices.”

34And Jesus, having seen him, that he had answered thoughtfully, said to him, “You are not far from the kingdom of God.” And no one dared to ask him any more questions.

Whose Son Is the Messiah?

35And continuing to teach in the temple, Jesus said, “How do the Torah scholars say that the Messiah is the Son of David? 36David himself said, by the Holy Spirit,

” ‘Yahweh said to my Lord:

“Sit at my right hand

until such time I put your enemies

under your feet.” ‘

37David himself calls him ‘Lord,’ so how is he his son?”

And the large crowd was listening to him with delight.

Jesus Denounces the Torah Scholars

38Also in his teaching he was saying, “Look warily at the Torah scholars, those loving to walk around in robes, greetings in the marketplaces, 39and chief seats in the synagogues, and places of honor at banquets; 40who eat up the houses of widows, and for a front, make lengthy prayers. These will receive extra damnation.”

The Widow’s Offering

41And while sitting opposite the temple treasury, he was watching how the crowd was dropping copper into the donation chest. And many rich people put in much. 42And when one poor widow came, she put in two lepta (which is equivalent to one quarter of a penny).

43And calling his disciples to him, he said to them, “Truly I tell you, this poor widow has put in more than all the others putting into the treasury. 44For they all put in out of the extra they had. But she out of her lack put in everything, all she had to live on.”

Chapter 13

Signs of the Times

1And as he is going forth out of the temple, one of his disciples says to him, “Teacher, look! What large stones. What great buildings.”

2And Jesus said to him, “Do you see all these great buildings? By no means will there be a stone left on top of a stone that will not be thrown down.”

3And as he was sitting on the Mount of Olives opposite the temple, Peter and James and John and Andrew asked him privately, 4″Tell us, when will these things be, and what will be the sign that these are all about to be accomplished?”

5And Jesus proceeded to tell them, “See that no one misleads you. 6Many will come in my name, saying, ‘I am He,’ and they will deceive many. 7But when you hear of wars and rumors of wars, do not be alarmed. Such must happen, but the end is not yet. 8Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, there will be famines. These are the beginning of birth pains.

9″But you, you watch yourselves. They will deliver you over to courts, and you will be beaten in synagogues, and you will be stood before governors and kings, for my sake, to be a witness to them. 10Indeed the gospel must first be preached to all nations.

11″So when they take you delivering you to trial, do not concern yourself beforehand what you will speak. Rather, whatever is given you in that hour, that you are to speak. For you are not the ones speaking, but the Holy Spirit.

12″And a sibling will betray a sibling to death, and a parent a child, and children will rise up against parents and put them to death. 13And you will be hated by all because of me. But the person remaining to the end, that one will be rescued.

14″But when you see the abomination of desolation standing where it should not, (Reader, understand), then the ones in Judea should flee to the mountains, 15the one on the rooftop should not come down or go inside to take anything out of his house, 16and the one in the field should not turn back to take his coat. 17And alas for the ones who are pregnant, and the ones giving milk during those days! 18And pray that it not happen in winter. 19For those will be days of suffering, such that has not happened from the beginning of creation which God created until now, nor ever will again. 20And if the Lord had not made those days short, no flesh would survive. But, because of the elect, those whom he has chosen, he has made the days short. 21And at that time, if anyone says to you, ‘Look, here is the Messiah!’ or, ‘Look, there!’ do not believe it. 22For false Messiahs and false prophets will appear, and they will do signs and miracles, trying to deceive, if possible, the elect. 23But you, you be watchful; I have told you everything ahead of time.

24″But in those days, after that suffering,

” ‘the sun will be darkened,

and the moon will not give its light,

25and the stars will be falling from the sky,

and the forces in space

will be shaken.’

26″And at that time they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds, with great power and glory. 27And at that time he will send forth the angels, and they will gather together his elect out of the four winds, from the farthest points of the earth to the farthest points of the horizon.

28″Now learn the parable from the fig tree. When its twig has already become tender and it puts forth leaves, you know that summer is near. 29And likewise you, when you see these things happening, you know that it is near, right at the door. 30Truly I tell you: by no means will this age pass away before all these things have happened. 31Sky and earth will pass away, but my words will certainly not pass away.

No One Knows the Day or Hour

32″But as to that day or that hour, no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, not even the Son, but only the Father. 33Watch, be alert, for you do not know when the time is. 34It is like a man going away on a journey, leaving his house and giving the authority of it to his servants, each his task, and the doorman he admonished to keep watch. 35Thus you must keep watch, for you do not know when the lord of the house is coming, whether in the evening, or at midnight, or when the rooster crows, or at dawn; 36no good if he comes suddenly, and finds you sleeping. 37And what I am saying to you, I am saying to all: ‘Keep watch!'”

Chapter 14

Mary Anoints Jesus at Bethany

1And the Passover and the Festival of Unleavened Bread were two days away. And the chief priests and the Torah scholars were seeking how they might kill him after arresting him in stealth. 2For they were saying, “Not in the festival, or there will be a riot of the people.”

3And when he was in Bethany, in the house of Simon the Leper, and reclining, a woman came holding an alabaster bottle of very expensive perfumed ointment, pure oil of nardroot. Breaking the alabaster, she poured down on his head.

4But there were some who were saying indignantly to themselves, “Why has this waste of perfume occurred? 5For this perfume could have been sold for over three hundred denarii and given to the poor.” And they were scolding her.

6But Jesus said, “Leave her alone. Why are you causing her hardship? She has performed a good work with me. 7For the poor you always have with you, and you can do well with them whenever you want, but me you do not always have. 8She did what was available to her. She was early to anoint my body in preparation for its burial. 9Truly I tell you, wherever the good news is preached throughout the whole world, what she has done will also be told, as an honorable remembrance of her.”

10And Judas of Kerioth, one of the Twelve, went to the chief priests, to betray him to them. 11And hearing this delighted them, and they promised to give him silver. Then he was planning how he might betray him the most timely.

The Passover Supper

12And on the first day of Unleavened Bread, when they would sacrifice the Passover lamb, his disciples say to him, “Where are you wanting us to go to make preparations so you may eat the Passover?”

13And he sends two of his disciples and tells them, “Go into the city, and a man carrying a jar of water will meet you. Follow him. 14And wherever he enters say to the owner of the house, ‘The Teacher says: Where is my guestroom, where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?’ 15And he will show you a large upper room furnished and ready. And there you shall make preparations for us.”

16And the disciples left and went into the city, and found things just as he had told them. And they prepared the Passover.

17And as evening is coming on, he arrives with the Twelve. 18And as they are reclining and eating, Jesus said, “Truly I tell you: one of you will betray me. One who is eating with me.”

19They began to be very sad and to say to him one by one, “Surely not I?”

20And he said to them, “It is one of the Twelve, the one dipping into the bowl with me. 21Therefore indeed the Son of Man is going just as it is written about him. But woe to that one through whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would be better for that man if he had not been born!”

22And when they were eating, taking a loaf of bread and blessing, he broke it and gave to them, and said, “Take ye. This is my body.”

23And taking a cup and giving thanks, he gave it to them, and they all drank from it.

24And he said to them, “This is my blood of the covenant, being shed on behalf of many. 25Truly I tell you: By no means will I drink of the fruit of the vine any more, until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God.”

26And when they had sung a hymn, they went out toward the Mount of Olives.

Jesus Predicts Peter’s Denials

27And Jesus is saying to them, “You will all be scandalized, for it is written: ‘I will strike down the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered.’ 28But after I am raised up, I will go ahead of you into Galilee.”

29But Peter said to him, “Even if everyone else will be scandalized, not I.”

30And Jesus says to him, “Truly I tell you: today, this very night, before the rooster crows two times, you yourself will disown me three times.”

31But he kept saying vehemently, “Even if I have to die with you, no way will I disown you.” And the rest of them were saying things similar.

Gethsemane

32And they come to an orchard the name of which was Gethsemane, and he says to his disciples, “Sit here while I pray.” 33And he takes Peter, and also James and John with him. And he began to be overwhelmed with dread and heaviness. 34And he says to them, “My soul is too sad, to the point of death. Remain here and stay awake.” 35And going forward a little, he dropped to the ground, and prayed that if it is possible, the hour might pass aside from him. 36And he was saying, “Abba, Father, all things are possible for you. Remove this cup from me. Nevertheless, not what I will, but what you will.”

37And he comes back, and finds them sleeping, and he says to Peter, “Simon, are you sleeping? Had you not the self-control to keep awake one hour? 38Keep awake and pray, that you not come into temptation. The spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.”

39And going away again, he prayed, saying the same thing. 40And when he returned, he again found them sleeping, for their eyelids were weighing down; and they did not know what to say to him.

41And he comes the third time and says to them, “Are you still sleeping and resting? Enough! The hour has come. Behold, the Son of Man is being betrayed into the hands of sinners. 42Get up, let us go. Behold, the one betraying me has come near.”

The Arrest of Jesus

43And right then while he was still speaking, Judas comes, the one of the Twelve, along with a crowd with swords and clubs, from the chief priests and the Torah scholars and the elders.

44And the one betraying him had given them a signal, saying, “Whomever I kiss is he; him you arrest and lead away under guard.” 45And coming straight up to him, he says, “Rabbi,” and fervently kissed him. 46And they laid hands on him and arrested him. 47Then a certain one of those standing near drew a sword and struck the servant of the high priest, and cut off his ear.

48And Jesus said to them in response, “As though after a bandit, you have come out with swords and clubs to capture me? 49Day after day I was right next to you in the temple, teaching, and you never arrested me. But, may the scriptures be fulfilled.” 50Then everyone fled, abandoning him.

51And a certain young man had accompanied him, a linen wrap thrown over his bare body. And they are seizing him, 52but he escaped naked, leaving the linen behind.

Jesus’ Trial by the Sanhedrin

53And they led Jesus away to the high priest, and all the chief priests and the elders and the Torah scholars are gathering together. 54And Peter followed him at a distance, right up to within the courtyard of the high priest, and remained, sitting with the guards and warming himself by the fire.

55And the chief priests and the whole Sanhedrin were trying to find evidence against Jesus in order to put him to death, and they were not finding it. 56For many were bearing false witness against him, yet their statements were not consistent.

57Then some appeared and bore false witness against him as follows: 58″We heard him saying, ‘I will destroy this handmade temple, and by three days I will build another, not handmade.'” 59Yet not even their testimony was so consistent.

60And after standing up in front of them all, the high priest examined Jesus, saying, “You are not making any answer? What about this testimony these are bearing against you?” 61But he was keeping silent, and making no answer at all.

Again, the high priest was examining him, and saying to him, “Are you the Messiah, the Son of the Blessed One?”

62And Jesus said, “I am, and you will all see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of Power, and coming with the clouds of heaven.”

63Then the high priest tearing his robes says, “What more need do we have for witnesses? 64You have heard the blasphemy. What does it look like to you?” And they all condemned him as deserving to be put to death.

65And some began to spit on him, and to cover his face and punch him, and say to him, “Prophesy!” The guards also took him with slaps.

Peter Disowns Jesus

66And with Peter still below in the courtyard, one of the maidservants of the high priest comes, 67and having seen Peter warming himself, and having peered at him, she says, “You were also with that Nazarene, Jesus.”

68But he denied it, saying, “I neither know nor understand what you are saying.” And he moved away, outside into the forecourt.

69And the maidservant who had seen him began again to say to those standing around, “This fellow is one of them.” 70Again, he was denying it.

And after a little while, again, those standing around were saying to Peter, “You surely are one of them, for you also are Galilean.”

71Then he began to curse and to swear: “I do not know this man of whom you are speaking.” 72And immediately a rooster crowed a second time. And Peter remembered the statement as Jesus had said it to him: “Before a rooster crows two times, you will disown me three times.” And when he thought upon it, he wept.

Chapter 15

Jesus’ Examination by Pilate

1And as soon as it was early morning, the chief priests, having made a consultation with the elders and Torah scholars and the whole Sanhedrin, after first restraining Jesus, led him away and handed him over to Pilate.

2And Pilate examined him: “Are you the king of the Jews?”

And he in answer to him says, “You are the one saying that.”

3And the chief priests were charging him with many things. 4So Pilate again examined him, as follows: “You are not answering anything? Look how many things they are charging you with!”

5But Jesus made no further answer, causing Pilate to be astonished.

6Now every Festival he would release for them one prisoner, whomever they would make plea for. 7And there was one named Barabbas, bound with the rebels who had committed murder during the uprising. 8And when the crowd came up, they began to ask that Pilate do for them just as he usually did.

9And Pilate answered them, saying, “Do you wish that I release to you the king of the Jews?” 10For he knew it was because of envy that the chief priests had handed him over.

11But the chief priests had stirred up the crowd to ask that he release Barabbas to them instead.

12And Pilate when he answered again, said to them, “What then should I do with the one you call the king of the Jews?”

13And they shouted back, “Crucify him.”

14And Pilate said to them, “Why? What crime has he committed?”

But they shouted all the more, “Crucify him!”

15So Pilate, wanting to make the crowd contented, released Barabbas to them, and Jesus, after scourging him, he handed over to be crucified.

The Soldiers Mock Jesus

16And the soldiers led him away, inside the palace, that is, the Praetorium, and they are calling together the whole cohort. 17And they are draping on him a purple robe, and setting around him a crown of interweaving thorns. 18And they began to salute him: “Hail, King of the Jews!” 19And they were striking his head with a cane, and spitting on him. And dropping their knees, they were doing homage to him. 20And when they had mocked him, they stripped him of the purple robe and put his own garments on him.

The Crucifixion of Jesus

And they are leading him out to crucify him. 21And a certain Simon passing by, a Cyrenian coming from the country, the father of Rufus, they conscript to carry his cross. 22And they bring him to the place Gulgolta, which when translated is “skull” place. 23And they were holding out to him wine mixed with myrrh. He, however, did not take it. 24And they crucify him. And they divide his garments, casting a lot for them, who would take what.

25And it was 9:00 A.M. when they crucified him. 26And the notice of the charge against him was written above him: THE KING OF THE JEWS. 27And with him they crucify two bandits, one to the right and one to the left of him. 29And those passing by were defaming him, shaking their heads and saying, “Aha, the one destroying the temple and building in three days! 30Save yourself by coming down from the cross.”

31Likewise also the chief priests, making fun with one another along with the Torah scholars, were saying, “Others he saved. Himself he cannot save. 32Let the Messiah, the king of Israel, come down now from the cross, so that we may see and believe.”

Even the ones crucified with him were shaming him.

The Death of Jesus

33And when it was twelve o’clock noon, darkness came over the whole land, until 3:00 o’clock P.M. 34And at 3:00 P.M. Jesus cried out in a loud voice, “Elohi, Elohi, lema shevaqtani?”— which when translated is, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”

35And some of the bystanders hearing were saying, “Behold, he is calling Elijah.” 36And one ran, and after filling a sponge with sour wine, stuck it on a reed and was helping him to drink, saying, “Back off. Let’s see if Elijah comes to take him down.”

37But Jesus expired, letting out a loud cry.

38And the veil of the temple was rent in two from top to bottom. 39And the centurion, standing across from and facing him, seeing the way that he died, said, “This man truly was the Son of God.”

40And there were also women watching from a distance, among whom were both Mary the Magdalene and Mary the mother of James the younger and of Joses; and Salome, 41they who when he was in Galilee used to follow him and provide for him, plus many others who had come up to Jerusalem with him.

The Burial of Jesus

42And evening had now come, and since it was Preparation Day, that is, before the Sabbath, 43Joseph of Arimathea comes, a respected council member, himself also looking forward to the kingdom of God, who, taking courage, went in to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. 44But Pilate doubted that he was already dead, and calling the centurion to him, asked him if he had already died. 45And knowing from the centurion, he granted the corpse to Joseph.

46And having bought linen, he took him down and wrapped him in the linen, and laid him in a tomb which was hewn out of the rock, and rolled a stone up against the entrance of the tomb. 47And Mary the Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses were watching where he was laid.

Chapter 16

The Empty Tomb

1And when the Sabbath had passed, Mary the Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, bought spices so that they might go and anoint him. 2And very early on the first day of the week, they are coming upon the tomb, as the sun broke. 3And they were saying to each other, “Who will roll away for us the stone from the entrance of the tomb?” 4And when they look up, they behold: the stone has been rolled away! For it was very large. 5And entering into the tomb, they saw a young man sitting on the right side, dressed in a white robe. And they were greatly alarmed.

6But he says to them, “Do not be alarmed. You are seeking Jesus the Nazarene, who was crucified. He is risen! He is not here. Behold the place where they laid him. 7But go tell his disciples and Peter, that he is going ahead of you into Galilee. There you will see him, just as he told you.”

8And going out, they fled from the tomb. For trembling shock was holding them; and they said nothing to anyone, because they were afraid.

The Longer Ending of Mark:

9 And having risen early on the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary the Magdalene, from whom he had expelled seven demons.

10 She went and reported to the ones mourning and weeping, who had been with him.

11 And they, hearing that he is living and was seen by her, disbelieved.

12 And after these things he was manifested in a different form to two of them as they were walking along in the country.

13 And those went and reported to the rest; neither did they believe those.

14 And finally, once when they had reclined, he was manifested to the Eleven themselves, and he denounced their disbelief and hardness of heart, in that they had not believed the ones who had seen him risen.

15 And he said to them, “After you have gone into all the world, proclaim the good news to the whole creation.

16 The person who believes and is baptized will be saved, but the person who does not believe will be condemned.

17 And these signs will accompany the ones who believe: in my name they will drive out demons, they will speak in new tongues,

18 they will pick up serpents, and should they drink something deadly it would in no wise hurt them; they will lay their hands on sick ones, and they will have health again.”

19 And so the Lord after speaking to them was taken up to heaven, and sat at the right hand of God.

20 And they went forth and preached everywhere, the Lord co-working and confirming the word by the signs accompanying.

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